To maintain the attractive appearance of the lawn, you need to not only mow and water it regularly, but also apply fertilizer. Since grass for the lawn is periodically renewed, it loses the nutrients that accumulate in the stems. For top dressing to be beneficial, it must be applied in compliance with certain rules.
What substances are needed to feed the lawn
The following elements are needed to nourish the lawn flora:
- nitrogen - accelerates growth, makes the color more saturated;
- phosphorus - helps the accumulation of nutrients, improves metabolic processes;
- potassium - normalizes electrolyte metabolism, improves resistance to negative environmental influences.
Nutrient deficiencies can be easily identified visually.
With a lack of nitrogen, the grass grows slowly, bald spots may occur. Leaves lose their saturated tone, become faded. With an insufficient amount of phosphorus, the plants become very fragile, the greens acquire a lilac hue. Calcium deficiency is determined by burns on the foliage.
Excess nutrients, as well as their lack, can harm plants. Therefore, when applying top dressing, it is important to comply with the dosage.
Excessive amounts of nitrogen make the grass weak, because of this, resistance to infections and parasites disappears. Plants age quickly and wilt. Excess phosphorus inhibits the intake of other nutrients, so the grass slows down growth. A lot of calcium burns the root system, which can cause plants to die.
To normalize the level of useful elements, you need to often water the lawn (at least 2-3 times a day).
An excess of nutrients can provoke the active growth of more aggressive plants (ryegrass, field mushroom).
This will negatively affect the decorativeness.
Fertilization by season, rules
In order for the nutrient mixtures to benefit, but not be harmful, they must be applied according to the rules, observing the dosage. Better top dressing before heavy rain.
If precipitation is not expected, and fertilizer needs to be urgently needed, the lawn must be abundantly watered.
Wait for the plants to dry, but the earth will still be moist, add organic matter and minerals.
When drought is observed within two days after feeding, it is necessary to re-water it so that the substances get to the roots.
Lawn fertilizer in spring, summer and autumn
Fertilizer components and purpose of application vary depending on the time of year.
In spring, a comprehensive top dressing is required with nitrogen, calcium and phosphorus content for intensive growth, better tillering, and bright foliage color. The introduction of the nutrient mixture will help the lawn recover after winter dormancy. Manipulation is carried out after complete snow melting, when the earth warms up, but before the grass begins to grow.
In summer, in hot weather, plants consume large quantities of nitrogen, so fertilizers containing this element are needed. He will be responsible for growth throughout the growing season. Preparations are introduced after every 2nd lawn mowing.
The introduction of autumn fertilizers is necessary to prepare for wintering. The procedure is performed in the first decade of October. Mixtures should contain a lot of phosphorus and calcium, which strengthen the roots and increase the immunity to infections.
Seasonal application depending on the type of fertilizer
Fertilizers are granular and liquid. The first type is recommended to be used in the spring and in the fall.
In liquid form, it is better to make it as an additional top dressing in late spring or summer, when the lawn is damaged by frost, trampling, infections or insects.
Liquid fertilizers should be diluted with water and water the lawn. Nutrients come immediately to the roots, so you can achieve a quick effect. However, the result will be short-lived.
Regardless of what form of the drug is used, when feeding, the following rules must be observed:
- pre-mow the lawn and clean it of debris;
- use drugs only on moist soil;
- after feeding 24-48 hours do not walk on the lawn;
- do not manipulate in rain or drought, as substances will not be received in full;
- clearly observe the dosage;
- wear rubber gloves before the procedure, wash hands thoroughly after completion.
Dry fertilizers, if the plot is small, can be scattered manually. First, walk along the territory along, using half the mixture, then crosswise, making the rest. It is important to distribute the drugs evenly. If the territory is large, it is advisable to use a special spreader.
For even introduction of liquid mixtures, you can use a watering can with a nozzle. In large areas, pump sprinklers are recommended.
Fertilizer Manufacturers for Lawn
The most effective nutritional mixtures from domestic and foreign manufacturers:
|Title||Manufacturer country||Application||Average cost (in rubles)|
|Aquarium "Lawn"||Russia||Dissolve in water and use at the dosage indicated in the abstract.||300 per 1 kg.|
|Fertika (Kemira)||For each season, its composition: "Spring", "Spring-Summer", "Autumn". Application rate (gram / sq.m):|
spring - 40-50;
creation of a lawn - 100;
with autumn lawn laying - 60-100;
vegetation - 50-70.
|400 for 5 kg.|
|Weaving "Lawn"||Dosage (grams per sq.m):|
vegetation - 50-70;
when creating a lawn - 80-100;
spring - 15-20.
|450 for 5 kg.|
|Reasil||Dilute with water 1 to 100. Consumption rate: 3-10 l / sq.m.||500 for 3 kg.|
|BioVita with biohumus||Used in dry and liquid form according to instructions.||120 for 2.3 kg.|
|Fasco||It is used for lawns of any purpose during creation and the entire vegetative period. Apply according to instructions.||300 for 50 liters.|
|Terrace for lawn spring-summer||during the laying period - 10-20 kg per hundred square meters;|
during the growing season - 5-7 kg per hundred square meters.
|230 per 1 kg|
|Bona Forte||Dilute with water in the proportion indicated in the abstract. Use for local top dressing or centralized watering.||450 per 5 kg|
|Russian lawns||Developed 3 mixtures:|
for the vegetative period;
to prepare for winter peace.
Use by annotation.
|600 for 2 kg.|
|WMD autumn||Buisk Chemical Plant OJSC Russia||It can be used both in autumn (end of August-September), and in spring (with the addition of nitrogen-containing compounds). In the 1st case, the norm is 20-30 g / sq.m. In the second - 100-150 g / sq.m.||370 for 5 kg.|
|WMD "Lawn"||Pre-sowing treatment - evenly distribute the fertilizer over the soil with a layer of 0.5 cm. The next top dressing should be done no earlier than after a couple of weeks. Dose - 100-150 g / sq.m.|
Normal top dressing is done after the haircut. Dosage - 20-30 g / sq.m.
|700 per 10 kg.|
|Complex mineral fertilizer||At creation - 50-60 g / sq.m.|
With conventional fertilizer - 15-20 g / sq.m (after shearing).
|120 per 1 kg.|
|Green Guy "Emerald Lawn"||Ukraine||Deposit from April to September. Spread the granules evenly across the lawn (25 g / m2).||150 for 500 g.|
|Stimovit||It is used for foliar feeding in drought:|
Dissolve 100 ml in 4 l of water.
To spray a lawn (the volume is calculated on 100-125 sq.m).
Repeat after a couple of weeks.
|50 per 500 ml|
|Clear sheet||Dilute a measuring spoon in 5-9 liters of water. Apply 2-4 p. per month.||100 for 300 g.|
|Novofert "Lawn spring-summer"||Application Methods:|
foliar top dressing;
Observe the dosage indicated in the annotation.
|350 for 3 kg.|
|Florovit||Poland||In spring, pay before the beginning of the vegetative period, in the fall from the end of August until the 1st of October (30-40 g / sq. M).||270 per 1 kg.|
|Agrecol||A wide range of different lawn preparations is presented. Contribute according to instructions.||The cost depends on the type of mixture and weight. For example, fertilizer for lawns "Quick carpet effect" will cost about 1150 rubles. for 5 kg.|
|Target||To bring from April to September once a month 1 kg / 40 sq.m (when feeding manually), 1 kg / 50 sq.m (when using the spreader).||500 for 4 kg.|
|Compo long exposure||Germany||Valid for 3 months. Scatter on the lawn (20 g / sq.m).|
|ASB Greenworld||Top dressing is valid for 3 months. A package of 3 kg is designed for 120 sq.m.||700 for 3 kg.|
|Yara||Norway||The consumption rate is 20-30 g / sq.m. Re-processing can be done in a month.||450 for 5 kg.|
|Pokon||Netherlands||It is made in granules. Spread over the surface (20 g / sq.m).||950 for 900|
Do-it-yourself fertilizers for the lawn
You can prepare fertilizer from ordinary nettles. It is important that there are no seeds on it. About 1 kg of grass is placed on the bottom of the barrel and 6-8 liters of settled water are poured. The solution is infused for 10 days. It needs to be mixed daily.
Before use, dilute the liquid with water in a ratio of 1 to 10 for irrigation, 1 to 20 for spraying.
By fertilizing regularly, without missing and observing all the rules when applying mixtures, you can get a healthy, beautiful and bright lawn. For him, diseases and pests, as well as aggressive environmental influences and mechanical stresses, will not be scary.