Each summer resident wants the garden to be buried in flowers all summer. And, it is desirable that he does not require special care. With the right choice of crops, this problem can be solved rationally.
Catnip or catnip is a perennial that can grow even in the most severe conditions. It looks spectacular on flower beds, it is used in folk medicine and can be used in cooking as a seasoning.
Abundant and bright flowering can be achieved by planting a plant in a sunny area. It can bloom a second time if, after the first flowering, the bush is cut.
Kotovnik has many types, which allows you to use it in various compositions:
- high views - for rockeries and alpine slides;
- medium - for borders and rabatok;
- low - to decorate the trees around the trunk.
All varieties of plants look luxuriant and elegant, so they can be used perfectly to fill empty spaces on the site. Catnip seeds are sown in the ground in April-May, after having previously stood them for 7-20 days at a temperature of 15 to 22 degrees.
Aquilegia has many names: catchment, eagle, slipper of an elf, columbine. The plant has long been considered a symbol of the world and believe that it can soften the most cruel hearts.
Aquilegia was undeservedly forgotten by gardeners, but is now back in fashion. The variety of varieties and colors allows you to create the most unusual compositions.
In the absence of timely pruning and control, the catchment area can grow throughout the site. Once every 5 years old copies must be replaced with young ones due to the loss of decorative qualities.
It is preferable to plant columbine seeds in September-October, they will sprout in May-June. Spring sowing should be done in mid-May, after keeping seeds for 1.5 months in the refrigerator.
Alyssum or marine lobularia, alyssum - is cultivated relatively recently, but is gaining more and more popularity every year. The flower is easy to care for and has a spicy honey aroma.
The height of the plant varies from 15 to 40 cm, the colors of the inflorescences are varied. Alissum blooms from May to late autumn, is a wonderful honey plant. It is grown in flowerpots, discounts and flower beds. Often they are filled with areas where spring bulbous crops have already faded.
Lobularia seeds are sown in open ground in early May, deepening them by only 1.5 cm; either in the winter. Spring flowering will be late. Seed collection is carried out in September-October on a dry, windless day.
Nasturtium or capuchin - a worthy decoration of any garden plot - was brought to Russia from the Netherlands. Spectacular fragrant flowers can be simple, semi-double or double; often painted red or yellow.
Shoots and flowers of nasturtium have medicinal properties, are used in dietetics and cooking. Buds and succulent leaves give the dishes an exquisite piquancy, and the dried seeds are ground and used as black pepper.
Nasturtium seeds are quite large. They are sown in soil at the end of May, in holes 2 cm deep, observing a distance of 25-30 cm. Seed collection is carried out immediately after the flower withers.
The Zinnia or major began to grow the Aztecs in the 16th century. In Europe, it appeared more than 200 years ago and immediately gained unprecedented popularity.
The flower is very effective and undemanding in care, resistant to drought. The height of the bush varies from 20 cm to 1 meter. Inflorescences reach 3-14 cm in diameter and can be painted in various colors, except for all shades of blue. Zinnia blooms from June to the first frosts.
Seeds, having previously been prepared, are sown in open soil in May. To prepare them, you need to wrap in gauze moistened with Epin's solution, which will help to separate viable from low-quality. Fresh seeds will hatch after 2-3 days.
It is necessary to collect planting material of zinnia 2 months after the opening of the bud. They are taken from inflorescences located on the stems of the first order. The flower is cut, dried, then seeds are extracted from it.
The birthplace of cosmea or Mexican aster is the subtropics of America and Mexico. Only 3 plant species are cultivated in the middle lane. The height of the bush varies from 0.5 to 1.5 meters. Inflorescences are similar to daisies, in diameter reach 12 cm, have pink, ocher, purple, white and red colors. Not so long ago, breeders bred a terry variety of cosmea.
Seeds are planted in open soil in late autumn or spring, immediately after the snow melts. They are distributed in the holes no deeper than 1 cm, observing a distance of 30-40 cm. Also, the plant is capable of propagating by self-sowing. Cosmea flowering begins in July-August. A flower grown from seeds collected by your own hands may not retain varietal characteristics.
Lavatera or wild rose, hame - a modest and at the same time beautiful flower. It amazes with the richness and brightness of colors, unites about 25 species. Cultivated since the 16th century, but gained popularity two decades ago.
Lavatera has established itself as a flower for the lazy, as it is undemanding in care, resistant to drought, withstands strong winds. In cut, it retains freshness for at least a week.
The height of the bushes ranges from 0.5 to 1.5 m. Plants have a spectacular crown. The diameter of the flower reaches up to 10 cm, they grow singly or in several pieces. The color is varied. Flowering lasts from June to October.
Sowing seeds in open ground is made in early May. Crops are covered with a transparent film. After the plants reach a height of 5 cm, the film must be removed. Seed collection is made in early September. Ripe seeds are brownish gray.