Violets - indoor plants are traditionally considered a source of comfort in the house and a great addition to its interior. At the same time, breeders constantly develop new varieties for which already established methods of care are not always ideal.
One of these varieties is the violet Olesya, bred relatively recently, by one of the prominent Russian programmers.
Variety description Olesya
Small leaves are collected in a rosette and do not cover the flowers. Petals gently purple in color, passing from the center to the edge to a brighter one. On each frame in the form of a dark cherry border. It blooms for a long time and magnificent, exuding a light aroma. Every year it only gets stronger and more beautiful, without changing its color tone. Variety Olesya can be considered very young, he is not even 10 years old.
|Location||It is necessary to satisfy the photophilousness of this plant, without abusing sunlight. The most optimal option is the eastern side, the southern one is also suitable, but in a special heat it is necessary to shade the flower.|
|Lighting||Need extra on cloudy, short days of winter time. For such purposes, it is necessary to use a fluorescent lamp, while placing it at a sufficient distance from the foliage to prevent burns in the future. If you do not organize the light, then the violet will not stop planting new buds, but they simply will not bloom.|
|Temperature||The young senpolia needs a rather warm temperature range (+ 24 ... +26 ° C), and for an already grown up, + 22 ... +24 ° C will be enough.|
|Humidity||A normal room is quite suitable for violets, but from 2-3 sprays per week it will become much more comfortable. Young ones should be kept under a film (in a greenhouse).|
|Capacity||Size depends on the root system. So, already adult Olesya needs a large ceramic, but not more than 10 cm in diameter, otherwise the whole potential of the plant will be spent on the root system and on the growth of foliage, flowering will significantly decrease or stop altogether. But for the germination of a leaf, an ordinary plastic glass filled with water is enough. When the spine appears - transplant already into the ground.|
|Priming||Characteristics of low-quality soil:|
At the same time, high-quality, multicomponent soil includes:
Actions, after planting, boil down to two - fertilizer and watering. However, each grade has its own nuances.
A feature of proper care of violets is that they do not overfill the plant, otherwise this will lead to decay.
You should be guided by the soil, for this a piece of land is squeezed from the top layer, if dust appears from this - the plant needs watering, otherwise you should not rush with it. Water plays an important role, it must be settled, or filtered, always at room temperature. Watering the flower is carried out only at the root.
You should not feed the plant more often than once every two weeks and it is recommended to do this only in the following cases:
- Great damage was done by pests.
- It stopped under the sun.
Feeding should also be carried out during the first two months after transplantation; organic fertilizers such as diluted humus or manure with water in a 1:15 content are great for this. The instruction is more applicable to already adult and not sick plants, such top dressing does not injure them. For the rest, a special nutrient mixture is suitable (for example, "Mr. Color"). In addition to watering and fertilizing, due attention should be paid to pruning dried, damaged or simply yellowed leaves. To carry out such manipulations is mainly in the spring.
It is recommended to transplant the plant every year, it is better to do this in the spring. A white plaque on a violet can serve as a signal for a transplant; it is formed as a result of a lack of oxygen in the soil. Also, the reason for the transplant is a dense plexus of roots, repeating the shape of the pot. However, the senpolia, ill due to poor-quality soil, it is better to transplant immediately to prevent its death.
The procedure rejuvenates the plant, and if it is young and still growing, then you should choose a pot a few centimeters larger than the previous one, which will give enough space for root growth. In this case, it is necessary to worry about drainage.
The process includes a sequence of several stages:
- Put broken brick or expanded clay on the bottom of the pot, adding charcoal will be a plus, filling the container with half the prepared soil.
- Abundantly water the plant, which is still in the old pot.
- Remove the violet from the old container and place it in the center of the new one, hold.
- Top up the substrate around the root.
- Compact and moisten the soil.
- Put in its original place, provide peace for a while.
Mr. Dachnik warns: possible difficulties in growing violets Olesya
Young and already adult specimens are susceptible to pests and various diseases inherent in indoor plants. The most common among them are late blight, true and downy mildew, root and stem rot, and bacteriosis. In such cases, it is recommended to use fungicides with which "Topaz" is well combined. All parts that have undergone illness are to be removed; it is also necessary to isolate diseased plants in order to avoid their contact with healthy ones. The above substances are suitable for prevention.
Permanent pests include ticks, aphids, butterfly larvae and scale insects. You can fight them with both folk and chemical means. Among the latter, it is worth paying attention to the “Appolo”, “Fitoverm” and similar ones. In traditional, as a rule, the use of soap solution appears. At the heart of plant health and safety is prevention, which should not be neglected and regular thorough examination for undesirable symptoms.