Lychee crowned or Campanian leathery is a perennial flowering plant that fits perfectly into the garden and park area. The shrub has many varieties, characterized by a rich pink-red palette. It is worth understanding how the plant looks, to which family it belongs.
What does crowned lichen look like?
Despite the fact that Lychnis (translated from the Greek lamp or light) is a perennial plant, in some Russian regions it grows only two years. Often called biennial. Reaches a height of 1 meter. It grows a meter wide. It has straight branched shoots with small oval leafy plates of silver-green color. The leaves and stems have a velvet texture and the same color.
Popular view on a summer cottage
Which family belongs to
Belongs to the clove family. Has red-orange and orange flowers. By the type of stems, it is close to cloves. It is attributed to the genus Smolevok.
Briefly about the history of the appearance
The first international name was given to the adonis in 1792. It is believed that it appeared simultaneously in the Transcaucasus, in the Crimea, on the territory of Moldova and Central Asia.
Note! It has long been grown in Europe and North America as a decorative garden flower.
According to the scientific description, the herbaceous plant has an erect whitish stem, reverse lanceolate and pointed leaves up to 10 centimeters in length. It has dichasic loose inflorescences at the apex, reaching a diameter of about 3.5 centimeters. In turn, the inflorescences are equipped with obovate cup, raspberry-pink corolla, dicotyledonous petals and five pistils.
The most popular varieties Lychnis coronaria
A large number of varieties are bred using selection. Three types are popular in Russia.
The biennial, which reaches 60 centimeters in height, has a curious feature: the flowers ripen white, and in the middle they gradually turn into pink. The result is a bush with silver leaves. In the middle are pink flowers. Often not the best quality seeds are sold, which directly affects flowering.
Perennial plant of domestic origin. Grows in one place for 5 years. A distinctive feature is the presence of empty stems and leaves. Pink / dark raspberry or white flowers with a diameter of 5 centimeters. Sown from April to July.
A variety of European selection. Belongs to the category of terry. It differs in twisted into a tube petals, painted in a uniform scarlet color. Has paniculate spherical inflorescences on the tops of shoots.
How does lichen lichen propagate?
Propagation of Ciconiiformes crowned occurs with the help of seeds. Applied abundant self-sowing, sprouting in the spring. Strong seedlings are selected. Also propagated by rooting of cuttings.
Note! It is worth pointing out that specific varieties take root with the help of seed propagation, and others with the help of cuttings.
In order for the plant to sprout in July, seedlings must already be grown from the beginning of March. Shoots begin to appear after a few weeks. Since the end of May, seedlings have been planted in open ground without fear of cold weather. Seedlings are able to withstand frost, but for prevention they warm the soil with lutrasil.
Time for landing
Seeds can be planted in July. Only the next year, the plant will please flowering. At first, slow development is observed. By the end of the second year, lush bushes are already appearing.
You can grow seeds in boxes or immediately in the open field. In the case of drawers, a healthier and more beautiful culture is obtained. The container is used with a plastic depth of 10 to 15 centimeters, you can use a wooden pot. Do not use a metal or glass box. The capacity is half filled with the substrate. Seeds are deepened by a few centimeters. The boxes are covered with a film on top and placed on a windowsill, well-lit by the sun.
Soil and seed preparation
For planting, a light, breathable and non-saturated with fertilizers substrate is used. They make it from fertile loose earth, river drainage sand, humus, compost, peat and superphosphate. Separately add a special fertilizer for the plant. Seeds do not need to be specially prepared.
Sowing is a crucial step in planting lichenis
Reviews of gardeners confirm that it is not difficult to take care of the plant. Leaving consists in constant watering and airing of seedlings. When the appearance of pallor sprouts, mount additional lighting.
Note! So that the water does not stagnate on the surface of the containers, it should be carefully loosened.
Dive and transplant
Dive and transplant seedlings in March or April. From all seedlings, the most beautiful and strong sprouts are chosen. The transplant is performed in separate pots until the open ground is completely warmed up.
Landing in open ground:
- Before landing, choose a place. It should be open, well lit.
- Prepare the substrate, dig holes at a distance of ½ m from each other.
- The bottom is covered with drainage.
- Top distribute the substrate. Seedlings are placed in the pits. Bury with the same soil and carefully watered.
For cuttings, cuttings are cut to flowering, not less than 10 centimeters in length. In this case, the cuttings should have about three sheets. Crops can immediately be placed in the ground.
Features of gardening
Special conditions for flowering lichenis do not need. Watering and prevention from diseases and pests is important. Drafts, frosts and waterlogged soil calmly tolerates.
What conditions like lychnisu
Lychnis loves places with lots of light, space. Planting and caring for crowned lichen does not imply the presence of heavy loamy soil and excessive acidity.
Additional Information! The flower does not respond well to nitrogen fertilizers. It does not tolerate drought and glut additives.
What is the plant afraid of?
Like all plants, adonis is afraid of pests and diseases. Drought, increased acidity and the presence of a large amount of nitrogen in the soil negatively affect.
Aphids on the leaves of larchis
The plant needs moderate watering. From excess moisture, root rot and fungal spores may appear.
Lychnis does not accept copious organic matter. In winter, it is not required to specially shelter the plant, as well as to loosen the soil.
Sand is mixed into the ground. Of fertilizers, species that contain a minimum of nitrogen are preferred.
When and how it blooms
Lychnis is an aesthetic plant that blooms brightly and strongly. It is actively used in landscape design.
Types of flowers
The flowers of the adonis have a crimson color in the stamens and a scarlet color. There are white-pink and red-burgundy colors.
Red Campion Flowers
Each bud has five round-shaped petals. Inflorescences grow singly on top of the stems.
The plant blooms for 3 months. Dissolves buds by June. It blooms in early November. In the south of the country it blooms by December.
Changes in flowering care
With severe drought, it needs regular watering. It does not require top dressing. No other changes in care are needed.
Possible problems in growing
There are no problems in growing a flower. If they appear, they are associated with infections and inattentive care.
The plant is susceptible to leafworms, aphids and spider mites. In the early stages, you can get rid of them with a soap solution. In later - insecticide and acaricide.
Spider mite - the main pest of lychnis
Lychnis has rust, root rot, and spotting. For prophylaxis, fungicides are used.
Signs of improper care
Signs of improper care are rare flowering, the absence of flowers, the lack of development of the plant, the appearance of faded leaves and petals, rotting roots and stems.
Use in landscape design
Lychnis is able to diversify any suburban area. It is often actively used in landscape design.
Note! Combine lichen with chamomile, phlox, aster and violet. The final compositions are impressive.
Plant as an element of landscape design
Crown Lychnis is a beautiful perennial plant growing in Russia. It is presented in different forms. It has many shapes and color varieties. Grown from seeds and cuttings. Unpretentious in the care and rarely sick. Widely used in landscape design.