Orchid bloomed what to do with the arrow - a question that from time to time appears to all gardeners and flower lovers. This article will give an answer to it, as well as an analysis of whether flower stalks need to be cut and whether the plant will die if the flower stalk turns yellow.
The essence of the procedure
Despite the fact that the orchid is considered a houseplant, it can grow on the street (for example, in the garden). The recommendations given in this article apply more to home plants. However, the processes that occur during the flowering of orchids are identical. Here you will be given tips on how to prune a flower stalk, how to care for an orchid after it has blossomed, and how long it takes to resume flowering.
How an orchid blooms
Why do you need to trim the peduncle? The fact is that after the orchid (or, in scientific terms, dendrobium, or phalaenopsis) has faded, new buds may appear on it. Even so, it is unlikely that she will delight others. Firstly, the flower will develop long enough (much longer than a shortened one). Secondly, she will not let new kidneys. That is, usually the dendrobium gives several flowers on a branch, and in this case it will be only one.
For your information! Even if there are several buds on a branch, there is no 100% guarantee that they will all bloom. The plant spends energy to maintain these buds instead of releasing a new peduncle. In addition, longer stems take more power.
So, what to do with an orchid after flowering, details below.
Pruning of a peduncle is highly desirable (if not necessary), especially if the following "symptoms" are observed:
- yellow leaves;
- drying of the flower.
Important!The flower stalk can turn yellow, dry or remain green - all these are natural processes, and in these cases you do not need to be scared.
Nevertheless, green stems and buds can be confusing, as mentioned above, the plant can give a new color, but for beautiful flowering, it must be cut. This is necessary to give her a rest (sending, during the so-called, dormant period): to grow leaves, root system, prepare for the next flowering.
Peduncle pruning to stimulate a new arrow
You can completely crop the arrow from the leaf where the flower was, but this is not the best option: then, when a new one appears, it will tilt the entire peduncle, and it will not look very pretty. It is better to count 3-4 buds from the bottom and make a cut there (it is desirable that this is not higher than 20-30 cm from the pot). Trim should be about 1-1.5 cm above the kidney. If the branch was green, juice can stand out when pruning. If she has already managed to dry, she must cut off below this place, that is, cut off the dried area, leaving a green shoot.
Pruning must be done above the kidney, because the peduncle at the cut point will begin to dry out. So, if you cut it directly near the kidney, there is a risk of drying it (namely, a new arrow will presumably go out of it).
Cropping arrows for reproduction
There is a little trick to slow down the drying process: you can seal the stem with wax. To do this, you need a candle (preferably a neutral white color). All that is needed is to light it and drip a few drops of wax into the cut so that only the top cut is sealed.
Note! No need to wax the entire stem. Thanks to this treatment, the wax will retain some of the moisture in the peduncle. It should be noted that even after this, the peduncle may dry out. Do not be scared and panic, just an orchid decided that she no longer needed it. Now in the pot will be a place for new shoots.
Time of emergence of a new peduncle
On average (depending on the environment in which the plant is located), a flower takes about two months to bloom. The growth rate is affected by many factors, one of which is the amount of light: the more it is, the faster the growth will be. Therefore, it makes sense to put a pot of plants in the room, which receives the most sunlight.
The best time for an orchid is in the morning, when the sun shines brightly enough and gives a lot of heat, but does not burn. Sometimes you should not put the pot directly on the windowsill, you can consider other options: a table near the window (or just slide the flower a little further, if it is already on the countertop). In northern areas, where daylight hours are shorter, additional lighting may be required.
In autumn, flowering usually slows down, the plant goes into a dormant period, rests and prepares for the new season.
For your information!The lateral stem, as a rule, forms much faster, it takes 1-1.5 months to give flowers.
Orchid has faded: what to do next and how to care
Now is the time to relax orchids. This flower care period is special. If the orchid is still young, it is better to refrain from any fertilizer.
Note!When the flowers are in the store, they must have a presentation, therefore, they are actively fertilized, highlighted. Because of this, it is very "fed", so about six months after the purchase, you can not fertilize it.
Yes, and in principle fertilizers should be treated with caution. The plant itself will take the necessary nutrients from the environment, from the water that is watered, from the bark in a pot and from many other sources.
If the flower is already several months old, you can fertilize it if you wish. Universal complexes are suitable for this. However, fertilizers do not take into account the conditions in which phalaenopsis grows, therefore, of course, you should not abuse them.
In this period - after pruning - special fertilizers are best suited for growing foliage and roots. Young orchids have a divided period of flowering and growing foliage and roots, so there will be no flowers for some time. But after this, a new flowering period will begin, and it will be possible to propagate it.
For your information! In adult phalaenopsis, these two processes go in parallel, that is, they grow foliage and bloom at the same time.
The plant needs to create special conditions: more often it should be watered and sprayed with water, you can turn on the humidifier (if the room has very low humidity) or place water containers around the orchid. Watering periods should be selected based on its condition: depending on the amount of moisture in the pot and the humidity of the bark itself. A signal for irrigation is the dryness of the bark and roots; there should be no fumes on the pot.
It is better to moisten the air than to arrange an excess of moisture to the plant. If the pot is transparent, then through it the state of the roots and bark is clearly visible. In addition, by its weight and volume occupied, it becomes clear whether the plant needs watering now or is it worth the wait. At a temperature in the region of 23-25 ° C, the metabolism slows down in the plant, and here, most importantly, do not overdo it with watering, otherwise the water will simply not be absorbed. Slowing growth is not always a cause for concern.
To control the humidity of the earth, you can insert a wooden stick (for example, from land) into the pot for several hours. If it absorbs moisture, it means that there is enough of it in the soil, and it is better to wait a bit with watering.
Important!Roots that are closer to the surface are often drier than those at the bottom of the pot, so you need to navigate exactly the bottom.
How to care for an orchid after it has bloomed
It is highly advisable to refrain from transplants in the first six months or a year. Even if the plant has bloomed for the first time, it makes sense to leave it in the same pot for another flowering. Transplanting into another pot is always stress for an orchid.
There is a good and simple watering technique: you need to take a bowl, put a flower pot there and pour it with approximately one liter of settled water at room temperature. After that, immediately remove the pot from the water, allow excess moisture to drain and return it to its place. Thus, the roots will pick up the right amount of water, but will not be oversaturated with it.
Note!If there is a peat bag or foam in the pot, it will also take a little moisture, sufficient to feed the plant, but not too much.
A brief summary of the above:
- after the orchid fades, prune it and give it a rest;
- pruning is necessary in any case, regardless of whether the peduncle is yellow or green;
- flowering and drying of the shoots is a natural process, you do not need to be afraid of it;
- during the rest period, the plant needs active watering, so it needs to provide sufficient humidity in the room;
- until the orchid fades at least 2 times, it is better not to transplant it, so as not to damage the root system and not spoil the plant;
- Do not water the plant every day / every week / every one and a half weeks. It is necessary to select the frequency of irrigation depending on the state of the roots. Excess moisture is as fatal to the plant as is lack.
Thus, it has now become clear what to do with the orchid after flowering at home. The main thing, of course, is not to panic and just look after the plant as usual. It is quite undemanding to care, it is important just to cut it off in time. With due attention, phalaenopsis can bloom for many years.